Under the slogan “Together to Protect Human Society?” Tuft’s community conducted a series of workshops to discuss how to deal with natural disasters and emergencies. The workshop discussed the principles and methods of protecting residential areas from the adverse impacts of natural disasters, and how to avoid them. The workshop also discussed the most important material, human and psychological negative effects that such disasters inflict on the population of all sizes.
The participants discussed in detail floods and how to deal with them at the individual level and the state level and the related organizations. In his introduction on the topic, the head of the District Engineers Association said: “Man has known floods since ancient times and worked to overcome them and eradicate of their devastating effects. Yet the undeniable fact is that no matter how much science develops, preventing floods is an impossible task to this day. The best option remains is to deal with floods using technology in order to reduce the danger of floods awaiting humans. What we are sure about is that following simple measures can prevent many risks.”
How does Germany deal with floods?
No doubt, not only developing countries are vulnerable to flooding. For example, Germany has experienced many floods throughout its history. In 2002 the city of Dresden sank in eastern Germany, which caused tremendous damage and the number of flood victims reached 38 people. In 2013, there were floods in many areas in eastern Germany, which killed 8 people. And it cannot be said that advanced German technologies can prevent any floods. Indeed, as Professor Strumpf of the Aachen Technical University says, flooding is a natural phenomenon and cannot be prevented, but the risks can be reduced.
In Germany, floods are faced with what is known as the Hochwasserschutzstrategien flood response strategy, which is divided into three sections: flood-prone area management, prediction and advance planning, and flood-response techniques. This relies mainly on a European Union (EU-Hochwasserrichtlinie) paper urging the management of flood risks, by assessing the severity of risk in different regions and prior planning to deal with risk before it occurs. Damages that you can never prevent, but you can reduce their risks.
According to the risk assessment, a few measures can be taken to deal with floods. In some areas, areas known as floodplains are prepared and floodwaters can be directed to instead of flooding in residential areas. As well as other steps such as developing networks based on the separation of wastewater so that wastewater is kept separate from rainwater that can flow directly into any estuary without the need for any treatment.
The truth is that the list of preventive measures is very long, but Professor Stromph confirms that the best measure to reduce the risk of floods is to reduce the size of human presence and human activity in those areas most vulnerable to flood threat. Also, there must be professional weather stations to inform the citizens of the timing of the flooding as soon as possible.
Simple procedures to reduce flood risk
The head of the District Association of Engineers reviewed a study summarizing some simple preventive measures in dealing with floods before, during, and after the flood. Preparing an emergency bag containing a flashlight, radio, batteries, first aid kit, in addition to food, water bottles, and a whistle. Keep materials like sandbags, plywood, and plastic sheets to prevent floodwater from breaking into the house. Supplying houses with sump pumps. However, the speaker mentioned the necessity of attaching the pump to a backup battery or purchasing a battery-backup sump pump; otherwise, it will not do the required work in case of disconnecting the electrical current.
- In case of a warning about an imminent flood, we must disconnect all electrical appliances from electricity and taking them to an upper floor if there is time.
- After the end of the flood, it is necessary to be very careful in dealing with the stuff that the floodwater has reached. It is recommended that children’s toys be washed well.
- Do not any eat foods that have been exposed to the floodwater. It is not recommended to drink directly from the taps and preferably only from bottled water.
Having a sump pump is not enough and the benefits of battery backup sump pump:
- Low cost: this type of sump pump is more affordable than other regular ones.
- Easy to install: since the system is simply hooked up to the main pump, it is described as a non-invasive pump–no dust, no noise, no hammers.
- Easy to charge: the battery backup system is automatically charged, which means less effort on your part to keep your basement dry.
- Fully automatically: when the power goes off the inverter will turn on automatically. It won’t be necessary to rush to the basement in the middle of a storm to turn the check on the pump.